Washington Tribes

Washington counts 29 federally recognized Native American tribes located on reservations throughout the state. Lt. Governor Habib recognizes that Washington’s rich tribal heritage is inextricably linked with the state’s identity. His office is dedicated to preserving the state’s tribal culture and serving these communities.

Below are the list of the 29 federally recognized tribes and their websites, which have links to resources for tribal members and information for the public.

Map and summaries of the Washington Tribes.

  • Chehalis – The Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation has more than 800 members and a reservation of approximately 4,400 acres in southwest Washington.
  • Colville – The Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation is comprised of 12 aboriginal tribes that lived in North Central Washington. The tribe has more than 9,300 enrolled members, about half of whom live on or near the 1.4 million acre reservation.
  • Cowlitz – The Cowlitz Indian Tribe has been a federally recognized tribe since 2000 and received their first reservation in March 2015.
  • Hoh – The Hoh Tribe has 447 acres of reservation land on the Pacific coast at the mouth of the Hoh River.
  • Jamestown S’Klallam – The Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe is located on 13.5 acres along Sequim Bay. Jamestown also has land held in trust outside the reservation and owns land in fee.
  • Kalispel – the Kalispel Tribe of Indians has 4,557 acres along the Pend Oreille River north of Spokane and approximately 40 acres of trust land in Airway Heights.
  • Lower Elwha Klallam – The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe is located on roughly 1,000 acres in the northern Olympic Peninsula.
  • Lummi – Lummi Nation is the third largest tribe in Washington with more than 5,000 members and a 13,000 acre reservation.
  • Makah – The Makah Indian Tribe Reservation is located at Neah Bay at the most northwest point of the continental United States.
  • Muckleshoot – The Muckleshoot Indian Tribe, with more than 3,000 members, has a reservation in southeast King County.
  • Nisqually – The Nisqually Indian Tribe has more than 650 enrolled members, a majority of whom lives on or near the reservation.
  • Nooksack – The Nooksack Indian Tribe, with approximately 2,000 members, has a 444-acre reservation located near Deming.
  • Port Gamble S’Klallam – The Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe has over 1,200 members and a reservation along Port Gamble Bay near Hood Canal.
  • Puyallup – The Puyallup Tribe of Indians has more than 4,000 members and is considered one of the most urban Indian reservations in the U.S.
  • Quileute – The Quileute Tribe is located in La Push on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.
  • Quinault – The Quinault Indian Nation Reservation has over 208,150 acres located at the southwest corner of the Olympic Peninsula, and has over 2,500 members.
  • Samish – The Samish Indian Nation is located near Anacortes.
  • Sauk-Suiattle – The Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe is located near Darrington and has approximately 200 members on its 34-acre reservation.
  • Shoalwater Bay – The Shoalwater Bay Indian Tribe is located in southwestern Washington on the northwest coast of the Pacific Ocean.
  • Skokomish – The Skokomish Indian Tribe is located on a nearly 5,000-acre reservation on Hood Canal at the delta of the Skokomish River.
  • Snoqualmie – The Snoqualmie Indian Tribe has approximately 650 members and is located in the Snoqualmie Valley.
  • Spokane – The Spokane Tribe of Indians’ reservation is 159,000 acres located in Eastern Washington, the tribe has approximately 2,700 members.
  • Squaxin Island – The Squaxin Island Tribe is located at the south end of Puget Sound, their reservation includes Squaxin Island and six acres of land at Kamilche, with approximately 930 members.
  • Stillaguamish – The Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians has over 230 members in Snohomish County.
  • Suquamish – The Suquamish Tribe is located on the Port Madison Indian Reservation in North Kitsap County.
  • Swinomish – The Swinomish Indian Tribe has approximately 900 tribal members, the majority of whom lives within the Swinomish Reservation and Skagit County.
  • Tulalip – The Tulalip Tribes of Washington is located on the Tulalip Reservation near Everett, the reservation is 22,000 acres, where over half of its 4,000 members live.
  • Upper Skagit – The Upper Skagit Indian Tribes’ reservation has a total land area of 110 acres in Western Skagit County and has approximately 200 members.
  • Yakama – The Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation have a reservation with over one million acres located in Central Washington.